Team 4 Keywords

Neolithic Era - (or "New" Stone Age) was a period in the development of human technology that is traditionally the last part of the Stone Age. The name was invented by John Lubbock, 1st Baron Avebury (1834-1913) in 1865 as a refinement of the three-age system of stone, bronze and iron ages. The term is more commonly used in the Old World (Europe), as its application to cultures in the Americas and Oceania is problematic. These cultures are said to have remained neoliytic until the time of the European conquest. It can be roughly dated from about 9000 B.C.E. to 3000 B.C.E.

Tendency - a natural or prevailing disposition to move, proceed, or act in some direction or toward some point, end, or result. “Evolution has an inherent direction, shaped by the nature of matter and energy. This direction introduces inevitabilities into the shape of life. These nonmystical tendencies are woven into the fabric of technology as well, which means certain aspects of the technium are also inevitable” (103).

Random Variation – The “perceived” source of evolutionary change, meaning that all advances are random and without direction. Inheritance of genetic features and natural selection play a key role in this view of evolution. (Page 119-120)

Convergence - Unrelated plants and animals that are exposed to similar environmental constraints may develop similar characteristics. Like plants and animals, different technologies are subject to similar constraints and may develop similar features (pp. 118-19).