Team 4 Keywords

Conviviality: the dictionary definition is friendly, agreeable, and pleasant. Convivial tools “enlarge the contribution of autonomous individuals and primary groups” (264). Tools can be good or bad based on what they are being used for and in what context. For example, cars are good for transportation in the eyes of the drivers who want to get places quickly. On the other hand they are bad for the environment and are likely seen as negative by the environmentally cautious. According to the book, “a convivial manifestation of a technology offers cooperation, transparency, decentralization, flexibility, redundancy, and efficiency” (264). Cooperation indicates that people can easily collaborate with institutions in terms of its use. Transparency means that all users are on a fair playing field – anyone can easily learn to use it. Decentralization means that the product is owned, produced, and controlled by different people – not one group completes all of the aforementioned actions. Flexibility allows users to easily change or adapt the technology. Redundancy means the users have more than one option in terms of the product. Efficiency indicates that the product is reusable and does not place too much harm on any ecosystem. Kelly claims that “The evolution of new technologies is inevitable, we can’t stop it. But the character of each technology is up to us” (265). Based on this theory, each new technology we come up with should meet all six of the standards mentioned above. Can every new technology actually be effectively channeled toward these standards?

Freedom In chapter 10, the idea of personal freedom vs. the technium is addressed frequently. "Kaczynski makes his primary claim that 'freedom and technological progress are incompatible" and that therefore technological progress must be undone." *Kelly, Kevin (2010-10-14). What Technology Wants (Kindle Locations 2883-2884). Penguin Books. Kindle Edition.* In a brief summary of Kaczynski's motifs, Kelly suggests that, "Personal freedoms are constrained by society, as they must be in any civilization for the sake of order. The stronger that technology makes the society, the less individual freedom there is." The concept of dependency is held up against "freedom." "Kaczynski writes, 'Modern technology is a unified system in which all parts are dependent on one another. You can’t get rid of the ‘bad’ parts of technology and retain only the ‘good’ parts.'" *Kelly, Kevin (2010-10-14). What Technology Wants (Kindle Locations 2878-2879). Penguin Books. Kindle Edition.* "Kaczynski argues that it is impossible to escape the ratcheting clutches of industrial technology for several reasons: one, because if you use any part of the technium, the system demands servitude; two, because technology does not “reverse” itself, never releasing what is in its hold; and three, because we don’t have a choice of what technology to use in the long run." *Kelly, Kevin (2010-10-14). What Technology Wants (Kindle Locations 2947-2949). Penguin Books. Kindle Edition.* These arguments suggest a tendency toward dependency and the inevitable forfeiture of freedoms.

Appropriate Technology: Merriam Webster defines appropriate technology as “technology that is suitable to the social and economic conditions of the geographic area in which it is to be applied, is environmentally sound, and promotes self-sufficiency on the part of those using it.” Appropriate technology seems to be a type of technology that is a happy medium between exorbitant uses of technology and minimalistic to absolutely no use of technology. With the case of Amish people, Kelly comments, “the solution wasn’t no technology but some technology.” For the Amish people, appropriate technology goes hand in hand with the idea of using something versus owning something. The Amish can use the computers at the library, but they do not own computers in their homes or communities. This is a definite distinction for the Amish. They use the technology, but they are not dependent on it. They do not let technology own them. Kelly suggests that there is a focus on slowing down progress. The Amish are very selective with their appropriate technology (225-226). For our current society, appropriate technology is difficult to understand. We are very good at embracing new technologies, but we have trouble letting them go—something the Amish seem to excel at. Kelly says, “We expand technology to find out who we are and who we can be” (236). Appropriate technology is amount that we need to be content and still create a better future for others. Kelly concludes, “to maximize our own contentment, we seek the minimum amount of technology in our lives. Yet to maximize the contentment of others, we must maximize the amount of technology in the world” (238). It seems that there is a definite struggle to find a balance for what is appropriate technology.